Mongabay | Lembaga Keuangan Harus Bertanggungjawab Cegah Karhutla di Konsesi Sawit, Caranya?

Mongabay | Lembaga Keuangan Harus Bertanggungjawab Cegah Karhutla di Konsesi Sawit, Caranya?

Civil society organizations are urging in providing financing to oil palm plantations, financial institutions must pay attention to environmental and social issues to play a role in preventing or minimizing adverse impacts on the environment and humans, such as forest and land fire disasters. Forest and land fires this year, many occur in the concessions of oil palm companies, financial institutions including banks, as funders must take responsibility.

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CIFOR | Scientists on Indonesia’s polluting haze

CIFOR | Scientists on Indonesia’s polluting haze

“If you are poor, then using fire to clear land for agricultural use is economically rational,” Purnomo says. “We calculated that it costs around USD 300 per hectare to clear land using non-fire methods. With fire, it costs only USD 20 per hectare. Fire is part of traditional farming in the past so if we ask them not to use fire, we need an alternative option.”

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Science | Reducing tropical deforestation

Primary tropical forests continue to be lost at high rates, with disturbing consequences for biodiversity, climate change, and the rights and livelihoods of local communities. Improved spatial data and monitoring systems are enabling researchers to identify drivers of deforestation with increased geographical precision (1) and to assess the relative potential of various interventions to stem forest loss (2). International initiatives currently focus on halting the expansion of commercial agriculture for export markets, a driver of deforestation that emerged in the 1980s (3). Numerous corporations are trying to implement commitments to remove deforestation from their commodity supply chains. However, recent research shows that the drivers of deforestation are complex and can change rapidly. A range of policies customized to specific jurisdictions will be needed to address them effectively.

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Science | Indonesia’s strict new biopiracy rules could stifle international research

Science | Indonesia’s strict new biopiracy rules could stifle international research

The law’s unclear definitions are another problem, says Erik Meijaard, a Dutch conservationist based in Brunei. “What does ‘doing research’ mean?” asks Meijaard, who doesn’t conduct on-the-ground research in Indonesia but provides scientific advice and works with Indonesian scientists. Nor it is clear what “beneficial” research is, he says: “How would I know that the outcome will be positive or negative before I start the research?”

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WOL | Conversion of rainforest to oil palm and rubber plantations alters energy channels in soil food webs

WOL | Conversion of rainforest to oil palm and rubber plantations alters energy channels in soil food webs

Conversion of rainforests into rubber and oil palm plantations alters energy channels in the soil food web as shown by different composition of biomarker FAs in soil fauna communities in different land‐use systems. Our results show a general increase in the plant energy channel and strong alterations in the bacterial energy channel in oil palm plantations, and a reduction of the AMF‐root‐based energy channel in rubber plantations as compared to rainforest. Despite the general shifts in the use of basal food resources, our results also showed that different trophic groups and size classes of soil fauna contain different specific biomarker FAs across land‐use systems and thus are linked to different basal resources. In most of the cases, the group identity had a larger effect on the FAs composition than land‐use change and thus this effect will be discussed in the first place.

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FD | 12 Modal Mengelola Hutan Secara Lestari

FD | 12 Modal Mengelola Hutan Secara Lestari

Mungkin karena jawaban atas pertanyaan itu berada di luar domain kehutanan, sehingga logika bahwa “keberhasilan perlu modal” itu tidak harus diketahui. Biasanya yang tidak diketahui dianggap tidak ada. Bahkan yang membahas modal itu dianggap mengada-ada. Hutan tidak bisa dihubungkan dengan politik, misalnya, sambil mengklaim suatu bukti bahwa rimbawan bisa jadi presiden. Padahal bisa menjadi presiden tidak berhubungan dengan ke-rimbawan-an.

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